MALAYSIA

Malaysia
Flag Coat of Arms
Motto“Bersekutu Bertambah Mutu”
“Unity Is Strength” [1]
AnthemNegaraku (My Country)
Capital
(and largest city)
Kuala Lumpur[a]
3°08′N 101°42′E / 3.133°N 101.7°E / 3.133; 101.7
Official language(s) Malay[b]
Official scripts Malay alphabet
Ethnic groups  54% Malay, 25% Chinese, 7.5% Indian, 11.8% other Bumiputera, 1.7% other
Demonym Malaysian
Government Federal constitutional elective monarchy and Parliamentary democracy
 –  Yang di-Pertuan Agong Mizan Zainal Abidin
 –  Prime Minister Najib Tun Razak
Independence
 –  From the United Kingdom (Malaya only) 31 August 1957 
 –  Federation (with Sabah, Sarawak and Singapore[c] 16 September 1963 
Area
 –  Total 329,845 km2 (66th)
127,354 sq mi 
 –  Water (%) 0.3
Population
 –  2009 estimate 28,310,000[2] (43rd)
 –  2000 census 24,821,286 
 –  Density 85.8/km2 (114th)
222.3/sq mi
GDP (PPP) 2008 estimate
 –  Total $384.388 billion[3] (30th)
 –  Per capita $14,081[3] (59th)
GDP (nominal) 2008 estimate
 –  Total $221.606 billion[3] (39th)
 –  Per capita $8,118[3] (65th)
Gini (2004) 40.3 
HDI (2007) ▲ 0.829[4] (high) (66th)
Currency Ringgit (RM) (MYR)
Time zone MST (UTC+8)
 –  Summer (DST) not observed (UTC+8)
Date formats dd-mm-yyyy
Drives on the Left
Internet TLD .my
Calling code +60
^ a. Kuala Lumpur is the capital city of Malaysia and is home to the legislative branch of the Federal government. Putrajaya is the primary seat of the federal government where the executive and judicial branches are located.^ b. The current terminology as per government policy is Bahasa Malaysia (literally Malaysian language)[5] but legislation continues to refer to the official language as Bahasa Melayu (literally Malay language). English may continue to be used for some official purposes under the National Language Act 1967.^ c. Singapore became an independent country on 9 August 1965.
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